Section II - Benjamin Franklin Massey, 1811-1879:
Missouri Career as Merchant-Trader; Politics; 1856-1864 Secretary of State of Secessionist Missouri Administration.
One Maryland Massey Family by George Langford, Jr. 1901-1996
©Cullen G. Langford and George Langford, III, 2010

His Life and Career: A Biographical Narrative
His Documented Historical and Genealogical Record

This first portion of Benjamin Franklin Massey's life story is based entirely on Benjamin Ulpian Massey's Recollections of the oft-repeated remembrances of his father's colorful career, detailed in Massey Appendix XXIX.
6.Benjamin Franklin Massey was born 23 Dec.1811 in Kent County, Maryland, where he spent his early years on the farm of his father, 5.Benjamin Massey.
At the time when he, at age 17, was preparing to go to the College of New Jersey (Princeton University), the Alma Mater of his older brother, 87.George Washington Massey, his father was financially insolvent.
Uncomfortable as a ward of his elder brother, he went to Philadelphia, where he worked for a short time as a Store Boy in a local Merchandising establishment.
He returned to Kent County, where he worked for a short time in his brother's small country store.
At age 20, seeking opportunity he had learned of while working in Philadelphia, he migrated to St. Louis, Missouri, where he had a letter of recommendation to George Collier, a Merchant Trader.
While working in Philadelphia where the Establishment was a major supplier to Merchant Traders Headquartered in St. Louis, St. Joseph, Mo. and Independence, Kansas, he became familiar with the increasing value of a given trade item, from its base value in Philadelphia to the ever-increasing value as it was carried farther and farther west, with the rumored tremendous profits when sold at Santa Fe, Mexico.
At age 20, carrying a letter of recommendation from his Philadelphia employers he went via River Boat to St. Louis, landing there in 1831.
He worked for a short time for George Collier, a Merchant Trader then headquartered in St. Louis, and then went to work for James and Peter Powell, of St. Louis, operating as Powell Brothers, Merchant Traders.
For two or three years, he was headquartered in St. Louis, where sold and traded for the Powells in Missouri as far West as Nebraska.
Details and References:  Massey Appendices:
Massey Appendix XXIX
44.Benjamin Ulpian Massey's Recollections.
Massey Appendix LVII
6.Benjamin. Franklin Massey's Career with the Powells.
Massey Appendix XLV
6.Benjamin Franklin Massey's Personal Relationship with the Powells.
His First Trading Mission to Santa Fe
In 1833, the Powell Brothers, headquartered in St. Louis, and George Collier, headquartered at St. Joseph, Missouri, contracted to form a joint mission.  It was to be Captained by George Collier personally, and B.F. Massey was assigned the position of agent for the Powells with full power to act in their stead.
B.F. Massey also was to act as recorder of each sale and purchase to record the wages both earned and paid to the forty or so crew members and to record the labor for profit sharing of each member of the crew.
Normal procedure was to leave the yard as soon as the Spring rains had dried the Trail; and the caravan, with the supplies furnished by the Powells left on [illegible] by river boat on May first.
Meanwhile, George Collier, from his trading post in St. Joseph, had been accumulating the specially built freight wagons that were built especially well in Pittsburgh.
Collier was also accumulating his portion of trade goods that he was to carry to the Missouri when it joined up at Independence, Kansas, so that [illegible] at the Santa Fe Trail.
The trip was without difficulties above the normal problems with [illegible] oxen and horses, raids by both the hunted and friendly by name Indians, storms, drought [illebible] equipment failings or the like.
The trading mission arrived at Santa Fe, paid their men [illegible] wages, traded all the Trade goods, and traded their ox teams for the mule teams to haul the caravan overland to St. Louis.
Unfortunately, none of the written records kept by B.F. Massey have comments, including the records of the profitability of this joint Collier - Powell trading.  But, judging by the fact that Collier and the Powells immediately contracted for a second joint trading mission, this first mission must have been extremely profitable.
Details and References:- Massey Appendices
Massey Appendix XXIX
44.Benjamin Ulpian Massey's Recollections.
Massey Appendix LII
History of the Santa Fe Trail.