Section IV  Massey Appendices One Maryland Massey Family by George Langford, Jr. 1901-1996
©Cullen G. Langford and George Langford, III, 2010

Appendix XLVII 
6.B.F. Massey: The Dr. J.F. Snyder Collection

The Dr. J.F. Snyder Collection.  In 1914, Dr. Snyder donated his accumulation of papers on a variety of subjects to the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis. Mo.
Among these papers was a large file of letters written by B.F. Massey to Dr. Snyder.
The B.F. Massey Letters.  There are three groups of B.F. Massey letters:
Letters from Massey to Snyder, written during the 1858-1861 period:
Personal & Family Matters
Dr. Snyder's Political Indoctrination, Aspirations, and Accomplishments
Missouri State Politics, Problems and Plans
Letters from Massey to Snyder: during the 1864-1875 period
Letters from and to Dr. Snyder, concerning B. F. Massey: from 1879 to 1914
Dr. J.F. Snyder.  Because Dr. Snyder played a very important part in Massey's life, I have added an Appendix XLVIII, which covers as much as I know of Dr. Snyder and his wife, Anne Sanders, and her family.
Preface: The 1858-1861 Letters.  B.F. Massey wrote these 56 letters, totaling 190 pages from Jefferson City, the State Capitol, to Dr. Snyder, at Bolivar, Polk County, Mo.  Most letters were about four pages long, one was eight pages.  There were several articles written for publication in the Courier, a newspaper edited by Dr. Snyder.
Background: The 1858-1861 Letters.  B.F. Massey, in his late forties, had attained the peak of his political aspirations, and was serving his first elected four-year term as Secretary of State of Missouri.
Dr. Snyder, in his late twenties, practiced Medicine and was a member of the Missouri Bar.  Through his father, he had something of a political background, but he, himself, was a newcomer in the field of active politics.
Dr. Snyder rapidly progressed from his status of political novice, to that of valued consultant on political matters, very much on equal terms,both politically and intellectually, with B.F. Massey.
Although on very intimate terms in the field of politics, their personal friendship developed rather slowly; as evidenced by the paucity of references to personal or family matters during this forty-one month period.
The earliest surviving letter in the J. F. Snyder Collection is dated 15 Jan.1858, but from its context, it is evident that there had been earlier correspondence between them, but which has not survived.  The latest letter in this 1858-1861 period is dated 31 May 1861, only a few weeks before Union troops ousted the elected Missouri administration, including B.F. Massey, from office.
The Letters Analyzed.  As they represent the only semi-autobiographical B.F. Massey material known to have survived, I have taken great care to extract from them every small bit of information helpful too our understanding of the man himself.
Massey almost never paragraphed his letters; they flow from one subject to another.  For clarity, I have taken the liberty of dissecting them, treating one subject at a time, as though Massey was writing about only one subject at a time in each letter.
My first screening was to secure all personal material concerning Massey himself: his thoughts, character, political career, personal life; and anything pertaining to members of his family.  As this class of material is of major importance to the purpose of my book, I have quoted most of it almost verbatim.
My next screening was to record the ideas and plans that he and Dr. Snyder shared:  Massey's advice on politicising and political methodology, his advice advancing Dr. Snyder's political career and problems; shared plans and ideas and the like.  I quote this type of material at considerable length.
My next screening concerned Massey's worries and convictions and fiscal policies.  He and Dr. Snyder were deeply and actively involved in attempts to improve these policies.  Their attempts offer considerable insight to the characters of these two men, and I have quoted sufficiently to illustrate their feelings.
Massey and Snyder were eye-witnesses of the impending National North-South divisive events, keenly interested in their possible effects on Missouri, and active participants in Missouri's part.  I quote many of their highly interesting observations.
I have omitted entirely the very high volume of day-to-day chit-chat regarding local political matters; political office aspirants, etc.; important to Massey and Snyder, but non-essential to our understanding of Massey and Snyder.

6.B.F. Massey: Letters: 1858-1861: Personal & Family Matters
Jefferson City May 8, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
    Sir, Yours of the 22nd April came to hand in due course of mail. ... My wife has been ill for ten days, but is now somewhat better, though not entirely out of danger.  Respects to you and yours.
    Sincerely Yrs
        B.F. Massey

Jefferson City Nov 30, 1858
Doct John F. Snyder
    Sir ... I am very Sorry to hear of Sanders' condition ... the health of my wife is Some better, than when you were here.
    Very Respectfully
        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Dec 10, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir ...  yours of the 4th inst was recd on yesterday.  I was very sorry to hear of Sanders' death.  In my opinion a very few better men have ever lived or died.
    You ask me to keep you advised of the new working and political evolutions.  there is one who has had anything to do with politics, who knows less of these things than I do.  And the reason is plain.  I am a plain open, aboveboard Sort of a fellow, dislike to do anything only directly, and openly.  And such is my way because i do not want to do anything that will not bear the light of day.  Others who are acquainted with me know this of me, and hence anything like wire working never comes to my hopper.  I sometimes think I am able to detect something of this sort in others, though in the main I am of the opinion, more of this is suspected than ever has an existence. ... You ask me what I want?  do I want the same office I have, or do I want to succeed Stewart or Phelps?  If my circumstances shall render it expedient to accept any political place at all, and I expect they will.  I should prefer to keep the place I have.  If you had the power by a word, without any act at all on my part to give me a seat in Congress I would not accept it.  I am too domestic to fancy being separated from my family.  If I wished to be governor, which I do not, I could not get it, and for the reason my views on many things, that I consider important, are too decided and unyielding.
Others may hold these same views, but they hold them subject to circumstances, and these are the sort of men that best suit the present Times.  In the office I now hold this makes but little difference, and I am satisfied that for this very reason many prominent democrats would willingly support me for Secretary than Gov.  I do wish however we could get to electing Men again, who have Wills and the nerve to act out their wills. ... I feel very grateful for your Kind feelings toward me, and shall try, by pursuing a straight forward honest course to continue to merit them.  As regards a Successor for Phelps, I have this to day, as I think I said to you when here, it will be almost impossible to succeed him at all, until he May say the word. ... I can speak upon this subject entirely disinterestedly, for I don't want the place, in fact would not have it if i could get it. ... so you see I have planned it pretty nicely, Phelps in Senate, you in Congress, and I Secretary of State which would all be very agreeable to me.
        Very Respectfully
            B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Dec 21, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
      Dr Sir Yours of the 12th inst come to hand in due course of Mail.
      I do not like to hear of people leaving the state, at last not those of respectable character, and would like to hear you had concluded to remain.  I sometimes talk of leaving myself, although seriously I doubt if I ever shall get off.  I find it all I can do to live and remain here, and there is always something lost by removal, at least for a time.  there have been instances no doubt where persons have bettered their conditions by moving, indeed I know there has been, but I think there has been a far greater number who have suffered in purse by this course.

       I am sorry you used the term "Soft Soap" in your last.  It is, if I understand the meaning of the term, something I am not in the habit of doing, and as a general thing I have understood a charge of this kind to be not at all complimentary.  I do not suppose you intended it an any way offensive ...  should be glad to hear from you often.
      Yrs truly      B.F. Massey
Jefferson City April 18th, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
    Dr Doc.  I hope you will excuse me for writing to you on foolscap.  I am writing at home, that is, not in my office, and I have no better paper here.  I received yours written from Fayetteville in due time, and had intended to have written to you long before this, but I have been, and indeed, am yet so very busy getting those "trashy" laws passed by the last legislature ready for the printer, and printed, that I have not been able to spare the time to write you such a letter as I wished to do, and I have commenced this at nearly ten oclock at night. ...
    I think too that Tom [Wilson] got it into his head I was an aspirant for Gov, and as I might be in Buffington's way, in his opinion, that to some extent I have no doubt is the cause of his course in reference to my recent [newspaper] articles.  I have set him right on that point and I think it probable that he will let what I say hereafter pass for what it is worth.
    ... but I must stop, and beg a thousand pardons for having written so much.
    Respectfully, and truly yrs
        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City June 14, 1858
Col. J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir  ... you will see I have dropped the "Doctor".  yours of the 8th was recd in due time, and as the Merchants would say "Contents Noted." ... I don't intend there shall ever be any course of difference politically between us, even ever so trifling if I can help it. ...
    Yrs   B.F. Massey
City of Jefferson
        July 9th, 1858
Col. J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir ... We are writing to each other quite freely, and let me suggest, that it you do not immediately destroy my letters that you at once file them, though they are hardly worth keeping, but that is for yourself to determine.  I say this because I have known so many accidents happen from persons carrying letters in their pockets, or hat.  a letter that you, nor I might not have any objection to showing voluntarily, assumes altogether a different shape, and importance, when gotten hold of in Some irregular, and unjustifiable way. ...
    Yrs Truly -- B.F. Massey
Jefferson City July 27, 1858
Col J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir --- I had just taken up my pen to write you when yours of the 24th was recd. ... My family and myself have been quite unwell for nearly all summer, I have suffered dreadfully with the piles. -- can you point me to a good remedy -- my wife I fear is seriously ailing -- she sits up nearly all the time, but has an almost unceasing asthmatic cough.
    Present my respects to Mrs. Snyder.
    Yrs truly
        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Aug 10th, 1858
Col. J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir -- Yours of the 1st inst came to hand in due time. ... I have not written the half I would like to say, but as you have already observed I have trespassed on your time and patience enough for this time.  this remark will apply in sober earnest to my letters to you, but I have to complain of you that your letters are so short.  I do like to receive long letters, especially from those who write to suit me.
    I have a project in my head, with which you are connected, that perhaps will only amuse you.  I can not broach it now, but will do so in due season.  I have no idea it will meet your approbation at first, and may not at all.  I'll bet you cannot guess what it is in 40 guesses.
    My folks are only tolerably well.  Present my regards to the madam.  If I live, it is my intention to be in Bolivar from the first to the tenth of October.  Let me hear from you frequently.
    Yrs truly
        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Jany 22, 1860
                Sunday Night
Col J.F. Snyder
My dear sir -- Yours of the 20th inst was read this afternoon.
My own prospects I consider very flattering. Should Johnson be nominated, I know it will be used against me - that the Southwest must be satisfied with the Gov; Somebody else will have to start besides Pulliam or Coffee to beat me, if the Gov was taken from my own County now. ---
            Yrs B.F.M.
Jefferson City Jany 29, 1860
Col J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir - Yours of the 27th just recd this evening. --- In speaking of instructions, I have only reference to Gov: Yours and the Cedar Meeting come off the same day, I fully expect Coffee will attend the one or the other, and if he does, he will try for instructions for Secretary if he should come to Polk you will of course attend closely to him for me - he cannot possible do anything in Cedar against me dead sure, nor do I think he can in Polk. --- I see by the last Advertiser my friend E. B. Boone is recommended for Secretary. I am satisfied every man who has been suggested for Secretary has come from the same quarter. That is I mean to say Buffington is laying himself out against me. This recommendation of Boone leads me to suspect a trick. I have taken steps to learn whether Boone is in to this thing or not.  --- I say however I am in no danger yet, unless from a trick of this sort. --- But there is no man after me that can hurt unless I am broken down in the S. W. My friends need have no hesitation in pitching in to Buff, whenever they feel like it and can make it tell - as I have learned enough to know he is after me with a sharp stick. I don't know but two Buffington men in the State that are friendly to me. --- Please say nothing of it - Somebody might practice it who otherwise would not think of it.
            Very Respectfully
                & Truly yrs
                    B.F. Massey
                        H. of R.
                    29th Jany, '60
Col. John F. Smyder
Bolivar, Mo.
        Dear Sir
            --- I'm am pleased you have taken charge of the Courier. When it was in your charge it was an ably conducted and interesting paper.
        Col. Massey ought to be re-nominated and I am pleased to learn you think there is no doubt about his re-nomination. ---
                Yrs trly
                    John S. Misller
Jefferson City Feby 9, 1860
Col J F. Snyder
    Dr Sir -- Yours of the 6th inst was recd on yesterday. But before that - perhaps the mail before I had sent another communication and a letter. --- I have already put all the appliances to work that I could, and have now pretty strong hopes in all of them. I have no doubts on either for myself. ---
            Yrs truly B.F. Massey
Jefferson City March 12. Feby 9, 1860
Col J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir -- Yours of the 9th inst, and several others are recd. The last one accompanied with a certain Will.---
I think I am entirely Safe yet. It is the same time flattering to see men who 12 or 18 months ago would much prefer not even to be seen in my company, now as friendly as whipped dogs.---
If you can possibly spare the time, get here at least as much as Saturday before the meeting of the Convention.
                Yrs B.F. Massey
Jefferson City  July 4, 1860

Col. J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir --- Yours of the 29th ult. was recd a day or two since.  I wrote you by Mondays Mail. ---
It has been my intention at the end of the term for which I have expected to be elected in August to retire from all political life, the present indications are that I shall have to retire just four years sooner that I expected. Well be it so. When I can not be of any service in sustaining the rights of the South any longer in Mo. I will go where I can be. And I hope these tenderfooted, mouthy, pro-slavery men in Mo. Who surrender at the time their services are most needed, will live to see the day when every big buck negro in the state will have the right to range himself along side of them, their full equal in every political right, and the political right being secured the social equality will soon follow as a matter of course. And I believe they are pursuing such a course, that if this does not overtake them, it will most certainly come upon their children. ---
Whether I am elected or not in August, I shall after that time, if we shall have two electoral tickets, in all probability, assist some in the Presidential Canvas.---
            Yrs Truly     B.F. Massey
Jefferson City July 11, 1860
Col J.F. Snyder
        Dr Sir --- Please do excuse anything I have said about matters wherein we may differ, I am prompted by sincere and kind feelings for you, and a prevailing anxiety for the good of our cause. ---
                Yrs truly        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Nov 1, 1860
Col J.F. Snyder
        Dr Sir -- Yours of 26th ult is recd. I arrived home at the time I expected, when I saw you lacking half a day. Found all well. --- It has been raining here slightly for three days, and is still at it. Give my best and most pious regards to Freeman.
                Yrs Truly
                    B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Dec 13, 1860
Col. J.F. Snyder
        Sir -- there is much I would like to say unto your, but as I suppose ere long I shall see you face to face in the flesh, and in the spirit too for that matter, I will wait until that time. --- I shall look for you and Freeman on Wednesday Dec 26, or Friday the 28th at furthest.
                Yrs etc     B.F. Massey
Jefferson City April 10, 1861
Col J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir --- I would write you as long a letter as usual but for two, or three, reasons; for instance, I am very busy getting the laws ready for the printer, I have to work very steady at this, because it is the only thing there is any money in about my office. Another reason is I am not well, and another is, I have nothing special to write. --- I am glad, very glad, to hear your business is increasing --- Respects to your family, and to Freeman and family.
                Yrs truly     B.F. Massey
Jefferson City May 31, 1861
Col Snyder
Sr Sir --- Yours of the 23rd was recd in due time, and yours of 29th if just now recd. I have not written to you because I know nothing in reference to matters in the South West that you did not appear to know, and because I was doubtful if I write through the office whether it even would reach you. Our P.O. here is an appointee of Lincoln. --- I write this at my home, with bad pen and. Our eldest born was married last night to Warwick Hough.
                Yrs truly        B.F. Massey
P.S. Get your house in order to live under Black Republicanism or emigrate --- I shall leave, it may however be a year first.   

6. B.F. Massey: Letters: 1858-1861: Dr. Snyder's Political Indoctrination, Aspirations, and Accomplishments.
City of Jefferson. Jany 16, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
    Inspector of the 6th Military District
    with the Rank of Col:

    Dr Doct Col:  Yours of 8th inst is before me. I am sorry to hear there is even a Semblance of your glory being filched from you. The facts are, that your really are inspector of the 6th Military district, and this Mr. Thompson you speak of is inspector for the third. --- As regards the duties incumbent upon you, I have no doubt the Laws will be distributed a long time before you will have any occasion to act. The law contemplates a volunteer system exclusively. ---
                Yrs Truly        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City. April 17, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
        Dr Sir -- there is no telling what ambition, when it gets the least hold, will put a man up to. Now scarce two moons have waxed and waned since you thought you were content, and your spontaneous, ardent prayer was to be left alone to die in peace. But the subtle and insinuating spirit approached you in its most modish garb, nothing but Inspector of Militia for the 6th congressional district, and behold the result already --- a candidate to have the sovereignty of a thousand concentrated in yourself. Well it may be unfortunate for you, but I am glad of it. I hope if you have a competitor at all you may have one worthy of you. I could offer you some of that cheapest commodity in the world, advice, but as it is a sort of charity too cheap to be very highly estimated by myself I won't do it. --- Give my best regards to old friends --- write and let me know if you slept any the night after you got that commission. ---
            Very Respectfully
                B.F. Massey
Jefferson City July 3rd, 1860
Mr. J.F. Snyder
        Dr Doctor -- I spoke to the Gov: a few days ago in reference to the appointment of a Surveyor for your County.--- You may rest assured this matter will be alright. ---
I am in high hopes there is no doubt of your election, religion or no religion. by the by that is a very weak humbug I think. I mean this religion matter.---
Please to excuse this long letter --- and write and let us know how your Canvas is getting on.
        Very Respectfully        B.F. Massey
                Office of Secretary of State
                    City of Jefferson
                        July 26, 1858
Col J.F. Snyder
        Sir --- The Governor, Seems to be under the impression that you have never recd your Commission as Division Inspector of the Honorable Missouri Volunteers raised and to be raised in the Sixth Division. He is also under the impression it may not suit you just at this time to go into active Service. Acting upon these impressions he now forwards you by Special express your Commission -- and at the same time forwards one for Mr. J. A. B. Dodson of Vernon County. Active service it seems is required forth with on the Frontier. It is the Governor's wish that you should serve, if you can possibly make it convenient to do so.
                Very Respectfully
                    B.F. Massey
                        Secy of State
Jefferson City Sept 1, 1858
Col Doctor John F. Snyder
        My dear Col; Yours of the 13th inst was recd yesterday. You must absolve me from all intention, and not only from all intention but from any act calculated, or tending in the least to degenerate from that high and commanding position that I freely admit the Militia inspector of the 6th Military District, Should by all manner of means forever and ever unquestionably occupy.
I am, my dear Sir, a peace officer - a civil peace officer, so Much So, that I hardly know how properly to deport myself to the Honorable Militaire, but be assured if anything may appear wrong, why, "Hont Soit te."
I know you wrote to the Secretary of State. And I recollect of Stating that fact to Military fraternity here. If they dont do everything in the world, every one of them, that they ought to do, I would for the honor of the Corps "Call out" the last man of them, and I will be with you to the bitter end, provided the affair shall come off where trees are plenty, So that I shall have a fair chance of "dodging."
As regards the Serious part of the matter - which is the Money. I notice the gentlemen here, after they went to the border they managed to get their expenses paid. So make out your expense account, and send it along and I will see what can be done for you. Not forgetting to recollect that it is presumed a Millitaire is liberal as to expenses, ---
                    Yrs Truly
                        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Oct. 20, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir --- I doubt very much whether the inspector for the 6th district of Missouri Volunteers has ever yet had justice done him, and I doubt very Much Whether he ever will, as long as he has to depend on his present Commander In Chief. But I have not a Shadow of doubt in the world the Honorable inspector will be able to survive all this. ---
                Yrs truly
                    B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Dec 10, 1858
Doct J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir --- Yours of the 4th inst was recd on yesterday. I was very sorry to hear of Sander's death. In my opinion a very few better men have ever lived or died.---
So far as you are yet known through the district, I as satisfied you are favorably known, and your political acquaintance is being considerably extended. Notwithstanding Johnson's great dislike to me, I should not feel at all displeased, if he were sent to Congress from the 6th District, but I begin to think very strongly I should prefer yourself to any one else. You see I speak rather guarded to any one else, but I speak exactly as I feel. I am rather hard to get tied on to a man, and from this very cause, when once on, it is almost impossible for me to get off. But I repeat I begin to think you will do to tie to.
Phelps is now in Congress till 4th March 1861 - and if not renominated, and he could get into the Senate he would only be out of harness two years, which would not be long enough to take him out of the public eye, and under the circumstances, I should suppose such a rest would rather agreeable, than otherwise to him - So you see I have planned it pretty nicely Phelps in Senate, you in Congress and I Secretary of State - which would all be very agreeable to me.
Very Respectfully
                        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City May 23, 1858
Col J.F. Snyder
        Dr Sir - Yours of the 18th was recd on yesterday. --- You speak of the S. W. getting this or that. For myself I have never proceeded upon any such basis, and so far as my observation has gone, I have never known Such an idea to do any one any good in Convention. When I find a man to suit I do not care when, or in what part of the state he lives. I know of no good that can result from this thing of relying on, or urging the claims of sections or localities. There has however generally been a disposition to give this notion some attention, but I repeat I have never known this thing to any one any good when urged prominently. For my own part, I know my own strengths, whether in the legislature for a clerkship, or in a Convention for a nomination has been all over the state, and it has been remarked that I was really stronger in other localities than in my own, and this is a fact, or has been a fact, at least among politicians, and there has been two reasons for this, the one is, I had to take a decided stand against the old soft, Jack Campbell faction, and the other is that Certain persons, at least heretofore, among those with whom I was acting, seemed to think it best not to give me much prominence. ---
            Very Respectfully & truly yrs
                    B.F. Massey
Jefferson City June 7, 1859
Col J.F. Snyder
    Dr Col -- Enclosed I send a remission of fine assessed against Thomas Nicholas --- granted on a letter of yours --- but you do not state the amount.--- Please send me the amount and state whether it is one fine or two --- in order to perfect my records.
And I would suggest that this case must make you careful what you ask at the hands of our Gov: --- Anything you ask is to be granted, the necessity for care. ---
                        Yrs truly
                            B.F. Massey
Jefferson City June 14, 1859
Col J.F. Snyder
        Dr Sir --- You see I have dropped the "Doctor".
Yours of the 8th was recd in due time, and as the merchants would say "Contents noted."
The Governor remits fines So Indiscriminately, that as a matter of course some unworthy cases will slip through. I Incs. a letter from this Holyfield expressing great thanks, and also expressing a great solicitude for the remission of the fine in this Nichols case; he also said that if ever the  Gov, or I, would pass that way, he would roll out a whole barrel of the very best old Bourbon.
In reference -- to what I say about urging claims for nominations on account of locality --- so far as my observations have gone Sectional distribution does not control State Conventions, and it is mainly because I have never seen this the case, that I hold the opinion it is of no avail to urge it. This is a matter that can be determined by a retrospection; and; and this retrospection or the instances it is not necessary for me to specify. The last Convention paid no attention to this whatsoever. ---  Now I beg of you not to consider I wish to quibble with you about a thing of really no great importance. I thought it only of sufficient importance to mention, and if you think I am in any degree wrong about it, I am more than willing you should take your own course. I have brought the matter to your attention and am entirely willing you should exercise your own judgment about it. I dont intend there shall be any course of difference politically between us, even ever so trifling if I can help it, and I say this because I have great confidence in your politics.
Dont hurt yourself reading. This is no jest. I have long thought  many lawyers cripple, and cramp good minds, by storing them too full of the ideas of others. ---
                    Yrs B.F. Massey
Jefferson City July 27, 1859
Col J.F. Snyder
        Dr Sir --- I am completely posted as to you and Peabody's difficulty, and have been as to every slip of it. I have seen your letters both to him and the Gov, and his to you. And in full view of the whole matter, I must say, I dont know what the devil I am to do with you. With a fine prospect of becoming influential and use useful both to yourself and friends, you are so fiery as in all probability unnecessarily to kick the fat in fire. I could say enough I think to convince you that a great deal of prudence is necessary in determining who, or what to notice, and how to notice it, but I am afraid to do it. You did wrong according to my judgment, in writing to the "Gov: that you would, or did, sign petitions to him, and then would write a letter against the prayer of the petitioner leaving the gov entirely out of view, the wrong was toward yourself. Such a letter would of course, if acted in conformity will be filed with the petition in the case.
Peabody seemed to be under the impression Such would not be the case, and that since the Gov would be dong an act without any thing to show to sustain him, or in fact when every thing that could be shown would be of a contrary tendency to the act done, or left undone. He feels under obligation, I think entirely sincerely, to do what he can to sustain the Gov, seeing the Gov is so entirely careless about doing anything to sustain himself.   
In view of the limited acquaintance Peabody had with you, it was to say the least of it bad taste on his part to write to you at all upon the subject. But bear in mind the fact that Stewart writes no more letters as Gov than you do scarcely, and the further fact, (which I am certain is a fact) if P's perfectly friendly intentions, and they will afford a considerable extenuation of what might otherwise appear as unmitigated bad taste. I tell you Stewart attends to no correspondence as Gov whatever. In this office is "Governors Letter Book" - and there are several already filled up. I defy any man to find the first one since Stewart had been Gov, I mean the first single letter, or copy, in this office written by Stewart. I learned from Peabody he intended to write you again before he published your letter to the Gov. If you shall have recd such a letter from before you get this. and shall reply, or whether you do or not, I shall try and get him to withhold the publication of yours until I can hear from you in answer to this.
I would suggest to you to discard all fastidiousness of feeling if you intend to have anything whatever to do with politics. Now in this case, admitting that Peabody had perpetrated a rudeness, where is the advantage resulting to any one from giving it such marked notice, on the other hand what injury could have resulted to you, if you had not noticed it at all.
And further how will you or any other person appear in print whose name is signed to a petition setting for the that there is a good ground for the executive clemency in the case, followed by a letter saying there is no such ground whatever.
Now I would not knowing counsel any one to do a dishonorable act, but I think you had better cool off, and engineer out of this scrape if you can. And I think the best plan is to ask a return of your letter in the Sanford case, saying upon mature reflection you have concluded not hereafter to put your name to a petition, unless you think there is sufficient merit in it to justify it; and say to Peabody that you were not at the time fully aware of all the circumstances attending his position, or you would not have written as you have done; though with the knowledge of the case you had when you wrote you still think your letter justifiable.
Now I do most sincerely ask you to consider all I have said as springing from pure friendship, and if it shall be insurmountably disagreeable to you, I will take its every work back, though I think there is right good, hard horse sense in it. There is not a person above the soil who has any idea, or shadow of an idea of my writing to you on this subject. In particular Peabody has never hinted that I should do anything in the premises -- when reading to me, his or your letters, he has scarcely, if any all, that he wanted any expression from me on the premises. I have said that I thought you were a little hasty, and that I thought his letters did not seem to indicate any unkind feelings. -- I mean I have said this to Peabody. I am not aware it has been spoken of at all here, only it was alluded to in the presence of Starke, but barely alluded by Peabody, and it has been mentioned, but not in detail, by me to Ewing. ---
                Yrs Truly
                    B.F. Massey
Note: In Dr. Snyder's handwriting, is this notation:
"No, I'll make no concession to the d____d Yankee. I was wrong of course about the petition, but I'll not knuckle down to any Ohio Free-Soiler."
Peabody, of Ohio, was Governor Bob Stewart's private Secretary.[Ed.]
    Jefferson City Aug 10th, 1859
Col  J.F. Snyder
    Dr Sir --- Yours of the 1st inst came to hand in due time.
As regards the Peabody affair, since I recd yours, I said to him, your wished, or would like to know if your letter was published, whether it was done with the knowledge and consent of the Gov. His answer was, that it was a matter with which the Gov had nothing to do, that is, as to whether he should publish the letter or not, and added, however that he knew the Gov's views about the whole matter, and further added that it had seemed to be your wish, or inclination, to mix up the Gov with this business, and that he did not intend it should be done. I only answered in reply that there would be no possible way of keeping the Governor out of the matter --- that the letter out of which his difficulty grew, and that the letter he proposed to publish, was not letter of his (Peabody's) nor was it a letter with which he had anything to do, properly.
Nothing more has passed between us on that subject, but I am of the opinion you will not hear anything more of him in any way in reference to this matter at the present, but no doubt should he ever see an opportunity when he can make it tell on you he will use it. I do not think however you are in any danger from Peabody, if you are ever harmed, in any degree by this occurrence, it will be by what you yourself said, and not by anything P[eabody] can say.
And by way of dismissal of this subject, allow me to say to you again, that in my opinion you will find it much better not to sign anything, that you intend afterwards to write against. I could mention some notable instances where this kind of proceeding has done more, utterly to destroy mans influence and standing than anything else they ever did.---
I have one other remark to make in this connection, it is this --- the only extenuating circumstances in Peabody's case is, what you are not even yet definitely advised of, though I have mentioned it to you, viz; that in fact Stewart has but little more to do with the duties of Governor than your have. ---
If I can help along your Probate Court project I shall be pleased to do it. When I observed applications now being made, as to taking U. S. Census, I did not refer to Polk County, I know of no one who has made any application in Polk. ---
                    Yrs Truly
                        B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Jany 27, 1860
Col. J.F. Snyder
Dr Sir --- We are to have fun alive now in a short time, and no mistake --- the tremendous Shock between -- Peabody and Snyder. At least so I judge thinks P[eabody]. --- the subject came up about the charge of ownership and Editorship of the Courier, and McCoy rather sniggered, and observed that democracy had been going under ever since Cory & Snyder had had anything to do with it in Polk, just before this remark was with Peabody came in; Soon after it was made McC[oy] stept out; P[eabody] allowed he would soon give you a load you would find it impossible to carry --- that from what he could learn you were an incubus on the party in Polk.
I allowed I should now think of going to McC[oy] to learn who was an incubus on the party. P said he had the same thing through others. I told him if he had no objection I would like to know who in Polk represented you as an incubus on the party --- he declined to say at present, but it would all come forth in good time, and when it did come forth it would be overwhelming. It was not stated, exactly when this total observation would occur, but I have an idea it will be by or before your county meeting. I know P[eabody] took Freeman to his room, or Freeman was at his room, and he P[eabody] rehearsed this whole matter to him, I know this because Freeman told me of it. He, F[reeman], in talking to me about it, seemed to think it nothing only something to laugh at P[eabody's] expense, at least so his manner struck me. I don't suppose it possible F[reemen] could have told P[eabody] you was an incubus upon the party in Polk.
Now, I know personally you do not care a straw about all this, but P[eabody] is going to connect democracy with it, and you are now a Democratic Sentinel thus I ask you to excuse one work of Counsel with you upon the matter.
So Far as the democratic party is concerned P[eabody] is a cypher --- therefore if you notice what he may say at all, I would only say, if any one worth Notice will say the same thing you may notice it. And of possible dont let anything he may say touch your feelings, for if such a thing could be in any instant, it would be the case in this, that a man could gain nothing in his own estimation nor in the estimation of any other person by inflicting personal chastisement. Recollect this man it is understood begged at the hands of Switzler.
Very Respectfully
                & truly yrs
                    B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Aug 25, 1860
Col J.F. Snyder
Dr Sir --- As regards your comment here for anything profitable. Either Secretary or Assistant will pay a man tolerably, say 6 or 7 hundred a year. It has been paying a great deal more than, but the day of the allowance I think is over.
Now my advice is if you have any serious intention about the matter to begin right away. An I would strike for the Senate, You would have Parsons and Peyton and Frazier to begin with, the two former as influential as any in the body. And I know senators I have the best reason to believing I can aid you with.
My plan used to be; and it was always entirely successful. When I was not well acquainted with the Member to write to some person I was acquainted, and who knew the Member. The fact is as a general thing a man can be more successfully approached by a third person than by the one directly interested. Another thing about it is, that the Senate is the more decidedly anti Douglass. I think Warwick Hough intends to be a candidate for Secretary again. And if so, so many of the Senators holding over it moved hard to beat him. Hence you had better strike if you strike at all for Assistant. I have no doubt such an arrangement could be made as would make the places nearly equal as to emolument. If you conclude to pitch in, let me know right away so I can go to writing.
            Yrs &c B.F. Massey
    Jefferson City Sept 3, 1860
Col J.F. Snyder
Dr Sir --- Yours of the 31st is just recd. I have written to Halliburton and will write to Horner Today. Judge Johnson is the man to write to Goodlett, a letter to him from me would rather set you back.
this is a kind of electioneering I am fully up to. I know this because I have tried it twice.
In 1846 I had a large majority of the lower house committed to me before they came here, and yet I had never seen or heard of one in ten of them or they of me. The thing is to know through whom to approach a man. Now how to approach Doctor Wright I dont now know. I cant do it that's certain, but I will try and find out his blind side.
I have not heard yet of any one for this place, but of course there will be some one, or a dozen. Cant you get at Churchill?
I dont want to raise your expectations too much, but I do think you will stand a very good chance. But always, while using every exertion to succeed, familiarize yourself with failure.
It is highly necessary Polk should be represented in the Convention, and it might advance your chances in this other matter to be here, in that view however I do not think ti of much importance. But bear in mind some one must come to the conv. from Polk. ---
                    Yrs  B.F. Massey
Jefferson City Nov 1, 1860
Col J.F. Snyder
Dr Sir --- Yours of 26th ult is recd. --- As regards the matter of your running for Clerk. I have to say, if a place or anything also, is worth enough to induce one to have, or take it; it is worth the proper and necessary exertion to get it.
I told Winslow Turner, in the Matter of Speaker, and i told Ferry and Ament in the Matter of Auditor this same thing.
The time seems to be past when we can get places thrust upon us. You should either at once open a very general correspondence in reference to the matter, or give it up.  A man does not do himself justice, in cases of this kind, unless he uses every effort. If this is not done, members who come here, if not actually committed, at least pre possessed in favor of some one. I don't mean by a general correspondence that you should write to every Member, but to Members of our party who may have influence in different parts of the State.
I have an idea, that for some reason you do not feel disposed to make such exertions as are absolutely necessary to Success in case of this kind. If this is so, better give it up at once.
I am willing, and more than willing, to do all I can for you and have not failed, so far as occasion has afforded to do it, and shall continue to do so.
I have said to you, I thought your prospects not so good for Clk. as for Ast: Sec. This was entirely on account of political reasons. Nevertheless if you go in at all, go in with all your might.
I have heard through others, that Hurton has intimated Something about joining forces with you. Such a thing need not be positively accepted or rejected, as it may turn out it may suit you better to join forces with Some one else, and for the further reason it is very probable the Same intimation has been thrown out by him, to every other candidate.--
Give my best and most pious regard to Freeman.
                Yrs Truly
                    B.F. Massey
Note; in J.F. Snyder's handwriting:
"I gave it up of course. Couldn't have accepted it if offered to me unanimously."
Jefferson City April 10, 1861
Col J.F. Snyder
Dr Sir --- I have not asked Jackson to appoint you Judge of Probate. If you could have procured an application without letting both he, and Myself know you only wanted it to decline it, it would have been better. As it is I have doubts he would appoint you, if I was to ask him. You and Freemen can easily take such steps as to get the appointment of your friend Newland. In the meantime Griggs, Cowan and McCoy, and I dont know how many more, are getting up petitions. The Governor is in St. Louis now, but will be back in a day or two. If you feel sufficient interest in the matter, let Newland get up a little petition, and I think there will be no difficulty. In such cases, when it is so easy to keep the record right it ought to be done. ---
                    Yrs truly
                        B.F. Massey

6.B.F. Massey: Letters: 1858-1861: Missouri State Politics, Problems and Plans

Background. Prior to the period of this 1858-1861 series of letters from Massey to Dr. Snyder, the character of the Democratic party in Missouri had changed radically.
The conservative, fiscally responsible, "Old Democrats" had become a minority; a larger, overly-liberal majority had formed the incumbent State Administration.
Massey and Snyder and the rest of the "Old Democrats" were very dissatisfied with many of the policies and activities of the incumbent administration. Massey devotes over half of the word-volume of this series of letters to these dissatisfactions, and to attempts to solve them.
In deference to the great concern that these "Old Democrats" felt about the incumbent administration's performance, I have elected to let excerpts from B.F. Massey's vigorously penned letters speak for themselves.
Practically every one of these Massey letters spoke to these State problems. For clarity I have taken these subjects one at a time.
All these letters were written by Massey in Jefferson City to Dr. Snyder, at Bolivar, Polk Co., Mo.
Railway State Aid. Massey expressed the "Old Democrat" feeling that the volume of State aid being granted to build railroads was excessive, and that the money itself was being improvidently and recklessly spent. The following excerpts from his letters illustrate the intensity and flavor of these feelings:
28 Dec. 1858
"-- the board of directors of the North Mo. Rail Road --- instructed the President of the board to prepare a bill asking for Two Million More of State aid --- the resolution was unanimously accepted. Now Hancock Jackson was a member of that board and was present."
5 Feb. 1859
"Railroads, Banks and Savings institutions --- are of really great importance, involving as they do, great monied interests. With me there would be no difficulty at all. I would adopt such measures and pursue such a course, as would free the government from any speculation project as soon as possible.

"It is very doubtful, I think, whether there will be a dollar more of bonds, loaned to any railroad Company, at least at this Session. This will not result because the present legislature is one whit less reckless than others --- but because the amount, about 4 1/2 Millions is not sufficient to satisfy enough interests to command Votes enough. If the aid could be confined to the old roads, they could fix up and divide out this small sum very quickly, but there is a host of new projects --- who think they have a much better claim on the 4 1/2 millions than the old roads."

20 Mar. 1859
"I tell you it was refreshing and strengthening to see the lower house --- swear they would be plundered no longer. --- the North Missouri was indefinitely postponed, and the Pacific could have an early burial. --- I am pretty certain the last bond has been authorized to give to an incorporated Company to build Railroads in Missouri, for at least a generation to come.

"Have not the Railroads laid themselves liable to be taken possession of by the State."

18 Apr. 1859
"Rail road matters so absorb the minds of our law makers, they had scarcely any time to talk about Governors.

"It is one thing to build rail roads, and it is another and very different thing to submit to being swindled and plundered. --- there is not a restriction in the law that any one could object to that intended to deal fairly with the  peoples money, that has been handed over to them so lavishly. ---  the Company are now getting occasionally issues of the guaranteed bonds, and I suppose are managing to use them some how, notwithstanding the complaint was a year or so ago, that they could do nothing with them. My own impression is that the new directory being men of worth, and mostly new men in the board, are buying the bonds themselves, or getting friends to advance money on them, hoping thereby to keep up a sham that will enable them to operate on the legislature with in the fall. I have no doubt the Pacific will pay the July interest in some way --- but the interest will not be paid by the earnings of the road, though the Pike Peak business is a perfect Godsend to them. --- If no further interest is paid, no further disposition can be made of guaranteed bonds, and the Company must forfeit its charter, and the rail, & lands. --- that will be a blessed day for the whole state, and the South West branch in particular - for the whole state, because many millions of dollars of State debt will be Sound and the Southwest branch will built for the lands --- in less time. --- It has been demonstrated that this Devin Stanchliff & Co. Contract swallows up at least a fourth of the money necessary to build the road. --- It is not a fact that any one wants to stop the railroads, all that is wanted is to stop the swindling. --- My own impression is the people will have all the principal of the debt to pay, and in fact as the Companies forfeit sell them out' --- I could write a book right strait along at one sitting, and not get through with the rascality of this --- system, but I dont intend to do it quite just now."

6 Sep. 1859
"The Pacific Road to Syracuse is about 170 miles it cost in round numbers 10 millions, which is within a fraction fo 60,000 per mile. What it ought to have cost is a different question. But the opinion of many of those best qualified to say, is not over 35,000 at the outside."
18 Dec. 1859
"The railroad plunderers have come to a deadlock, as I was confident they would. --- No bill can pass, unless it be the one to sell out the roads, that I think will pass. I am confident the selling out will succeed, because no other sort of bill can pass, and because it appears the roads can be sold for a great deal more that most of us supposed, and because the Republicans approve it."
22 Jan. 1860
"--- so far as the action of the democrats as a party is concerned the present Railroad system has gone under -  Yet the Republican wants us to commit ourselves to the policy of the State furnishing the means to complete them."
27 Jan. 1860
"The democracy I have no doubt will stop the system we have been building Railroads on. --- Nor will there be any difficulty in bringing out party into line, in opposition to any further State aid, unless it is in the South west.

"Now our Railroad men will prove to any one who will believe what they say the Pacific will pay even at the price it will cost the State, and no man can know it wont, this being so some one may be found at this stage of the game to give a pretty fair price for it, and then there is no margin for imagination.

"In reference to the S. W. Branch it is new idea that more aid was wanted to complete it. The complaint has been the Company would not use what they had.--- there never has been one Single Rail road bill passed that the projectors ever expected to act up to. To secure a present purpose in some respect, they will put in a bill something entirely fair to be done in the future, While the thing they wan is always done at once, that is to get bonds. Those things to be done in the future are always superseded by some subsequent bill - to in this Boyd bill there is nothing in it certain but the issue of bonds to all the roads referred to in but the S. W. Branch.-- Certain payments are to be made at a certain future time in the matter of accruing and arrearages of interest, and failing to do this, as anybody would know they would fail, all further issue of bonds is to be stopped. Before this period however the bonds provided for the Pacific Road will be drawn - not so however with the S. W. Branch - that Branch having two millions, about, provided and yet undrawn, this amount could not fit they would, and would not if they could be used within the prescribed time. But the object was to get bonds for the Pacific."

9 Feb. 1860
"It is very generally know Phelps has taken the ground since the constitutional limitation was adopted, that none of the margin should be given to the rail roads. I shall stand by your in this matter while there is a Jacket to your button."
24 Apr. 1860
"It is astonishing how many of our people are partial to our Railroad system, notwithstanding they will admit what has been done is a Stupendous Swindle. There are so many that think they see a dollar about the thing somewhere for them, they are willing to keep their tongues still, in reference to admitted outrage."
1 May 1860
"There cannot be, under the present rate of taxation an amount of money even got from the treasury sufficient to pay interest [on the Railroad bonds]. In 1859 we levied a mill tax to pay interest. Now if the mil tax of 1859 was realized soon enough to meet the Jany interest, and a short term loan was negotiated payable from this mill tax when recd. It has been recd, and fell short some Fifty thousand dollars, which fifty thousand dollars was taken from the treasury, and now there is not money in the treasury to pay to the Counties the school fund, which --- has to be paid about this time, and which must be paid and will be paid somehow. Nw bear in ;mind that this mill tax is not sufficient to pay a semi annual interest. And now the auditor and treasurer are about making arrangements to pay the July interest. This money, some half a million, they will try and raise in New York. Up to this time we have been paying about nine percent to get money to pay maturing interest, but what they will have now to pay is very uncertain. The rabid railroad men will figure it out to their own satisfaction --- that there will be enough surplus in the treasury at the end of each or any fiscal year to pay interest on our railroad debt, without any increased taxation, but when the end of the fiscal year arrives, it is never there. --- Stop your Millions of state debt, and this prodigality will, as it has been doing for the last 8 years, increase."

Bank Matters.  Massey was much concerned about the imprudence and uncontrolled proliferation of Missouri State banks being permitted by the incumbent administration. The excerpts that follow illustrate his concern:
5 Feb. 1859
"Of all Bank ridden State, that ever was, Missouri will be the worst in a short time. --- To begin with, we have one in St. Louis, in St. Charles one, in Hannibal, two, Palymyra one. Memphis, La Grange, Alexandria, Paris, Canton, Fulton, Columbia, Chillicothe, Gallatin, Milan, Fayette, Brunswick, Richmond, Liberty, Weston, St. Joseph, Savanna, each one, and Glascow two, those are on the North side of the River. Then we have St. Genevieve, Cape Giradeau, Charleston, New Madrid, Boonville, Lexington, Independence, Kansas City, Warrensburg, Oecola, Warsaw and Springfield on the South Side. Now then we will have I believe 46 Banks, and there may be more than that I cant now think of. And thirty of these banks are now in operation, to which the Commissioners has issued about 15 of circulation.

"And the horror of the whole thing is, it is all regarded as pure democracy, and concerns that are the special pets of democrats. --- Such democrats must be got rid of in official position.

" --- It is highly probable that between this and the end of the next governors term, the whole Bank bubble will explode. Then it will be necessary to have --- a bill signed legalizing suspension --- and enforce the law against Corporations as well as against individuals."

9 Jul. 1859
"I shall write a few articles about banks, and especially our Missouri Banks."
6 Sep. 1859
"--- in view of the talk about the suspension of the banks, that specie payments must be maintained, or the whole concern must go into liquidation - and in less that a week, he [Hancock] was here lobbying for the bill legalizing the suspension. --- a strict acting our his duties under the law would have shut up a majority of the banks in the State."
18 Dec. 1859
"The banks have concluded not to ask for any legislation. Our banks turn out to be almost powerless for good, or evil. Their circulation feature is completely hampered, and that is the feature most complained of."

The Split Democratic Party. Massey was ever hopeful of restoring the conservative "Old Democrats: to power, or at least of increasing their influence in State matters. A few excerpts from his numerous writings on this subject:
3 Jul. 1858
"I am pleased to see anything taking place that may have a tendency again to bring democrats together. We have already suffered greatly by their division. I notice this same thing is taking place in many Counties. --- I am satisfied we shall have another sort of democrats, quote, in the next legislature from those we have had for several Sessions past. --- I would freely give at least five per cent of all I am worth in the world to establish an able reliable democratic Organ in this State."
21 Oct. 1858
"Since all of democracy has become merged in the issue about Slavery, I have not as much confidence in Democracy as I used to have. Under the lead of Paschall, Democracy is done for in Missouri."
5 Feb. 1859
"I tell you democracy in Missouri is a dead cock in the pit. Nevertheless I think that those claiming to sail under that flag, can and will carry the elections for some time to come --- not because there is much virtue in the democratic party taken as a whole, but because there is no virtue at all in the opposition."
10 Aug. 1859
"When business is controlled by a coterie that governs the Missouri Republicans, and who now call themselves "National Democrats", and who would consider it a disgrace to be called a "Democrat:, --- I would say democracy will become again aroused,and when aroused, democracy is hard to beat.

"I think either [W.P. Johnson and W.F. Hall] are two of the strongest men in the State. --- I think either of them could come nearer uniting the ole democracy than anybody else."

18 Dec. 1859
"There is a very general desire to unite the old democratic party. Jackson's warmest friends fear this could not be done with him."

The Impending Civil War. Massey's letters contain profuse discussion of Missouri's State and County political affairs, and of the selection and elections of a Governor more favorable toward the interests of the "Old Democrats."
There was nearly a total absence of discussion of National political matters.
But this changed when the slavery question became an issue:- Missouri, a border State, was deeply involved.
As there is a relatively small volume of discussion of the related subjects of slavery, a new President, secession and rebellion, I have quoted excerpts in full:
3 Jul. 1858
"I, of course, am not in favor of emancipation, nor am I in favor of any one who is in favor of it. But, I know full well no one is making this issue, and it will be time enough for democrats to bother themselves with it when it is made. I think too that influences are at work by and through which the anti slaverites hope in time to make Missouri a free state, but this is not expected to be brought about by Legislation."
21 Oct. 1858
"I am [not] any less decided on that [slavery] issue than I have always been. I do not think that the slavery issue is all of democracy, and therefore it follows I think a man's position on this issue does not necessarily decide his political character."
1 May 1860
"There is much surprise felt here in reference to --- a resolution in our Convention bearing upon [Stephen A.] Douglas' position. We shall see what we shall see --- matters seem to be tending toward a Crisis. Oh! how I do long to see niggerism exploded in some way - in any way."
3 Jun. 1860
"I believe the Black republican will be elected president, and I think under the circumstances it is the best thing that can happen, because I think we have amongst the politicians just as many unsound men in reference to Slavery in the South as in the North, and the election of [Abraham] Lincoln would enable it to be proved on them.

"It is no use talking to Stidsney about Arms. If any of your men come to him and fix up the papers, he will sign them, and then they can go ahead and get them and carry them home. I have never known him to attend to anything of this kind only when the parties were right at his back, and done all the work. Then if you know where the guns are, let some one come and get his order and go and get them, or in my opinion you will never get them."

4 Jun. 1860
"Acking has just told me he has given orders to Kribben to forward the guns, and he expects they are now on the way. I dont expect any such thing. I do not think he spoke to Kribben about it, but then he might as well have spoken to the wall of any house in St. Louis."
26 Jun. 1860
"It appears as if our prominent men were determined to hurry on the day when Missouri shall be abolishenized."
4 Jul. 1860
"I hope these tender footed, mouthy, proslavery men in Missouri, who surrender when services are most needed, will live to see the day when every big buck negro in the state will have the right to range himself alongside of them, their full equal in every political right, and the political right being secured, the social equality will soon follow as a matter of course.

"And I believe they are pursuing such a course, that if this does not overtake them, it will most certainly come upon their children."

25 Aug. 1861
"Secession is tremendously popular, and every day becoming more so. The great difficulty now is to keep secession back awhile. Almost literally we have nothing for our people to defend themselves with. We want them to have a chance to make and save a really big crop. In the meantime, every thing is being done to provide arms and ammunition. We will have but little difficulty, if any, about money, but the arms and ammunition is the devil. If we knew where to get them, there would be great difficulty in getting them here, but in a few months they must be provided, if we have to make them ourselves. But about this the less said the better. All possible action will be bad. The Missouri Republican as usual is doing us all the harm it can. Among other things it is making us out as being much more destitute than we really are.

"I suppose unless the legislature meets, no one will know, for a good while after it is done, what is done.

"It is probable Price will call the Convention shortly. He says he knows they would pass an ordinance of secession in a day, and for that it would be called forthwith, the idea is now not whether we will secede, but the only question is when, and this will depend on the headway we may make in arming and equipping.

"Again I want to suggest to you that the less said about all this the better. You are Military Man enough to understand this.

"In the meantime, you and "Ole Abe" had better do what you can to keep the secession from raging. Ole Abe is secure in that line sure."

29 Apr. 1861
"Nobody, or very few bodies, have any further use for the convention. The Insident Sterling Price --- is of the opinion they would now, or any day pass an ordinance of secession. I doubt it. I would much prefer they should not be convened.

"The Legislature can propose an ordinance of secession, and  if the people ratify it, all is right. We are here, entirely satisfied an ordinance would be sustained now by the people by a very large majority.

"A united North is fast making a united South, as those who are not with us will have to keep their mouths shut.
We are doing something even in advance of the action of the legislature toward getting arms and ammunition, though mostly I can not tell you exactly what it is, as the commander in Chief, and his staff, are very shy on this subject. A couple of Steamboat loads of powder arrived here yesterday and are now lying discharged. I understand there is Somewhere between 6 and 7 thousand kegs, and I dont know how much salt peter and brimestone. There is also something going on about guns too, but I dont know what. I have purposely avoided knowing anything particular about these things. I only know, and have advised, as to what should be done, if possible, and am then content to leave the execution to those whose special duty it is.

"The Secession fire is raging, and if Lincoln shall not stay his hand, the devil himself cant keep Missouri in the Union."

31 May 1861
"I am doubtful if I write through this office whether it ever would reach your. Our P.O. here is an appointee of Lincoln.

"The chief object of an arrangement with Harney was to preserve the peace of the State, as we claim the State has done nothing for which she should be advanced on, and though the Gen'l Govt. had acted inexcusably, we could only grin and bear it for awhile.

"It is probable Harney would act up to do it in good faith if he could, but it is continually represented to him that good loyal Union Men are outraged in every conceivable way. The result is he intends to receive into the U.S. Service and arms, troops at (among other places) Springfield. Our folks are fully aware of what Phelps is doing & what he and others are causing Harney to do, this thing of establishing home guards in different parts of the State is calculated to, if it does not produce an armed conflict.
The question with me, is whether it is worth while to make any resistance in Missouri. For long, as I think you are aware, I have despaired of Missouri. I believe a large majority of the people upon the issue Lincoln is presenting, that is, of fighting our way into the Southern Confederacy, are opposed to it, and I have no idea we can ever get there in any other way, and under the circumstances it is doubtful whether we can get there in that way.

"The long and short of it in my estimation is that a very decided majority of the governing influences are in favor of Missouri remaining with the old U.S. The policy of the State for the last 10 years has completely transformed the character of Missouri, and every thing of a political character as a state she has come since that time proves it.

"Any one familiar with the Missouri of 10 years since, can have no doubt what, in emerging like the present would have been her course, and I hope almost everything that  has been done in that time, not alone because each in itself was wrong, but also because its tendency was utterly and absolutely demoralizing.

"P.S. Get your house in order to live under Black Republicans or emigrate - I shall leave, it may however be a year first."

6.B.F. Massey: Letters: 1864 - 1875: Unedited.

Reconstruction Period.
Preface: The 1864 - 1875 Letters. B.F. Massey wrote these letters from various places in Missouri, as he migrated in search of a living. There are eleven letters, nineteen pages in all. They were all addressed to Dr. Snyder at Virginia, Cass County Illinois.
Background: the 1864-1875 Letters. The background of these post-war  series of letters from Massey to Snyder is vastly different from that of the 1858-1861 letter series.
For reasons of ill health, Massey, in late 1862, had resigned his post as Secretary of State in the Rebel Missouri Administration, and had returned to the Fayette, Missouri area.
By the date, 30 Mar. 1864, of the earliest of these letters, the South had lost the War. Massey was 53 years old, without profession or trade, without capital, and had a wife and ten children.
He could expect no assistance from formerly influential friends and associates in his efforts to earn a living. They were in the same serious situation that he was; deported Rebels, also without capital, also seeking in any way possible to make a living.
Dr. Snyder was more fortunate. After his active service as a Colonel in the Confederate army, he had returned to his native Illinois, settled at Virginia, Cass County, Ill., and at age 34 was able to successfully resume his medical practice.
There were wide intervals between these letters; perhaps there were others that have not survived. Their tone and contents suggest that they were written in answer to questions by Dr. Snyder concerning Massey's situation and progress.
Analysis: the 1864-1875 Letters. These eleven letters are personal in the extreme, mainly reporting Massey's many and desperate attempts to make a living. Reflecting their long Missouri political association, there is some dialog on political matters
As these letters are so intensely and poignantly personal, I have transcribed them here, unedited, exactly as written.
Doct. Snyder - I have just received Doct. Hunters "inhaling instruments", and Medicines; unfortunately the bowl of the inhaling instrument is broken.
I send it by Frank to see if you can raise anything in the shape of a bottle that will answer until I can get another bowl from St. Louis - the bowl would hold about a half pint and if you can find anything, it must hold about a half pint.
At Home, March 30, 1864
Mr. J.M. Wilson - or
Col. J.F. Snyder
My very dear friend, I am out of liquor. If you can possibly accommodate Me, by the loan of about a gallon, you will very greatly oblige Me. by or before this is out, I will have to send the wagon to Boonville and I will return it dead sure.
Hard at Work as usual. Cant you come out So as I can have an excuse to stop -- Yrs. B.F. Massey
St. Louis Feby 13, 1865
Mr. Col; Doct; Snyder
My dear friend and Pitcher. In the name of God: Amen.
I am wearied, worried, bothered, distressed &c &c, beyond my power to express. I have been away from my dear poor children for over a month, a good part of the time in Illinois, trying to find a home, and have been entirely unsuccessful.
The getting away from my present abode involves in my opinion, the Small matter of life and death, hence my anxiety in the premise.
I have just met with John Wilson here, and he suggested I had better write to you.
If you can hear of any place, that you think would suit me, I want you to write to me. You know about the sort of house I could get along with. As to farm, the boys and I could manage, with the aid of the gang plows they have in Ill, 100 acres of Corn land. I would like some pasture and some meadow &c &c, but these are my likes, Something less than my likes I could manage under the circumstances to get along with. The difficulty in the Matter may be to get a man to wait until you Could hear from me, Should you meet with a place. But if you should meet with a place, and would be Minute in your description, I can write at once, Whether I would take it or not. If you Should meet with a ;place with less than 100 acres of corn land, and other land contiguous can be rented, that would Suit. As to price or terms, I have but little choice between a money and grain rent, but would rather prefer the former.
It was my intention on my return from Augusta [Hancock Co., Ill.] to have gone out to your place [Virginia, Cass Co., Ill], but I made a mistake. I thought the nearest place on the rail road was New Berlin [Sangamo Co., Ill] but when I got there, found it was 30 Miles, and No railroad. So I had to give it out. I wish now I had gone to see you any how.
You will address me at Fayette [Howard Co., Mo.]. Give my best respects to the lady.
                    Yrs. Truly
                        B.F. Massey
St. Louis June 1, 1868
Mr. J.F. Snyder
Dr. Sir, How are you, and the family.
I have about 225 Texas Steers in the neighborhood of Sedalia [Mo.]. Four years old & upwards, rather an extra lot -
Will Weigh in present condition about 1100. They are not fat, but in thriving condition. Now I want to know if there is any Market for such in your Vicinity. I would be glad to sell them for 50$ hundred - but not a Cent less. If cant get that will keep them till fall. It dont cost much to graze them on the prairie And isnt much trouble. Now I know you will oblige me by inquiring around Some of your cattle Men of Cass [County, Ill] about this matter for me. Please tender my most Sincere regards to Mrs. S.
I would deliver the Cattle in the R.R. Stockyards at Sedalia, for the price above Spoken of. Address me at Sedalia, or if you can send Purchaser.
I have no time, or inclination to write you a syllable about public affairs.
                Yrs truly        B.F. Massey
Newtonia, July 15, 1869
Col J.F. Snyder
My dear Sir - I have been intending to write you, for lo! these many days, but hadnt done it.
I am now, & have been Since last Nov'b, in this Historic Village.
I am selling goods, for an old acquaintance - entirely penniless, but making my board and clothes.
My Children are scattered. My Youngest, now 10 years old, is here with me. The two little girls, are at Columbia going to School; the rest of the boys are at Springfield. Julian has been at the Asylum at Fulton for about 18 Mos, until about the first of June last, he is now at Springfield, not improved, and I have but little hope he will ever recover. My older boys, are helping to take care of the little ones. Hough is at Kansas City, and I suppose Making  living.
How are you and Yours getting on?
Politically I dont suppose I can tell you any news, even about Mo. The people are docile and busy - have done very well - the farms in this part of the State since the War. The are docile, but Hell in their necks, any by Voting they will show it, so far as radicals are concerned, should they every get a chance to vote, which is rather doubtful.
Drake says possibly a Reb may be allowed to vote, after the Negro gets his rights, but no chance in the world till then. What the devil is this, generally, abnormal condition of things, politically to result in? My opinion is it cant stand at what it is.
Last fall, I noticed in the paper you Illinois folks were voting about calling a convention to amend Constitution. I havent noticed whether it carried or not. Neither did I even understand, what they proposed to do in the way of amendment. I supposed the object was to disenfranchise copperheads.
The corn crop here is very backward and unpromising, though if there shall be a good season from this on, there will be pretty fair crops. The wheat was barely tolerable, but there was a large crop in. Owing to rains in harvest, I think it will be found it is some injured in the shock. There has as yet been no thrashing, or Stacking. Oats are very fine.
Health good. I am very seldom at Sarcoxie. Bill Tilton, you are, I suppose aware, is selling goods there, generally as merry as two crickets - habits pretty fair. Ed: Wilson sells drugs & practices Medicine. both or each I suppose making a living - at all events, they live.
In Jasper [County, Mo.], more than any other County in this section, there is a new population, and a heap of them. Carthage is terrible, and expect to be shortly, more so. Bob Crawford, has returned, and has a law office in Springfield.
Springfield is growing wonderfully for the purpose of receiving the railroad in a becoming manner which it is now confidently expected will reach them in the course of human events, if not sooner.
Remember me most kindly and Sincerely to your better half, and you can say to her; Nina is now the Mother of 4 children, and I believe they have all red heads, 2 boys and 2 not boys.
Write to me right away - and believe me
                Truly Yrs &c
                    B.F. Massey
Newtonia June 14, 1870
Doct. J.F. Snyder
Dear Sir - I notice in a copy of the Jeffersonian, I recd the other day, quite a compliment to myself. This I give you credit for, and kindly return you my thanks. It is however, as complete a case of "love's labor lost" as can be imagined.
From present indications, it is quite probable disenfranchisement will be removed in the fall, in which even we can vote in 1872. I suppose however the result will be the Negro May determine Politics.
In Sincerity I may not be able to say, "I will not live always, I ask not to Stay." Whatever my wishes may be in this particular It is not probable I shall not be a great while longer here. And I think I can say in Sincerity, this is a matter I am quite reconciled about. I do ask, or would ask if the asking would amount to anything, to pass away without much pain or suffering. It is a happy regulation of our Natures that the crossings and afflictions so often attendant upon our course here, quiet, indeed almost destroy any desire to stay. Let the hereafter be what it may, I can not but look on it as a great relief to the hopelessly disconsolate.
I have not a hope, and consequently not an objective purpose in life, and if I had, no means of any sort to accomplish either. Without a farthing of money capital, with no trade or profession, I can of course do nothing.
You refer to honesty. Within the last few years, I have tried in St. Louis more than once, with old acquaintances, to get a lift up, in some kind of occupation they know I am qualified for. My own unimpeachable integrity and honesty were admitted, yet when that was said, "all was said."
But for the efforts of my older sons, several of my younger children must have relied on charity, either public or private.
For this state of affairs I reflect on myself most severely. I have been simply a fool, an idiot, in a business light.
In a couple of weeks I shall leave my present location, and dont know where I may next cast anchor. I have no house, no home, and do not expect to have any. Like a chip in the water, I may find an eddy somewhere, and when I do so, will write you.
I hope you are well, and doing well, and that your family are all well. In a word, as Landon [Sanders] used to say, I hope you are happy.
Remember me most kindly to Mrs. S.
            Sincerely yrs  B.F. Massey
Pierce City   Oct 24,  1870
Doct J.F. Snyder
    My dear Sir - By and through a couple Nos: of a paper called "The Jacksonian" which I send you by this mail you will see I am trying to be an Editor, in the interest of the so called rebel.
It is probable you will have noticed we are likely again to be allowed to vote. When that is so, I expect we will jump higher than dogs in high rye. So high it is probable we will in a year or so, have to be reconstructed, unless in the meantime we can be the means of reconstructing the general government.
There are a great many Illinoisians in this part of the world and I suppose would take an interest in matter from Ill. I am told they are chiefly democratic. Now I would take it as a favor if you would drop us a communication occasionally. Chose your own subjects, either of a general nature, or matters of your own state political. Of course I would exchange with your paper but I am not certain as to its name. I think it is Jeffersonian, but am not certain.
Remember me kindly to your wife.
                Truly yrs    B.F. Massey
Pierce City   Nov 7, 1870
Doct J.F. Snyder
Dr Sir - I am pressed for time just now, will write you at length in a few days. I noticed the article in the Jeffersonian. It will count for high, Sure.
I write you now, to ask you to send me as Soon as you can, a copy (Pamphlet) of your new Constitution.
                    And Much Oblige
                    Yrs  B.F. Massey
P.S. Stages leave here every night, except Sunday, for Fort Smith, and every other place, almost.
Dr. Doct:
For the time being I am at this place (Springfield). Yours of the 30th Ult: directed to Pierce City, reached me today.
Off hand, I am inclined to say of Course I know nothing of anything, about any book of such a humbug character, as a Geological Report. But because you want to know something of that matter, I say, My Son tells me there is not any come-at-able in these parts. That the report has only been, as yet, in part published; that is, as yet incomplete. Whenever I can serve you in this way I will gladly do it.
I am glad to hear you are making a living.. Sorry to hear Mr. S[anders} is fading - though this is natural.
I am not making a living, indeed not even trying. I have two sons keeping house here, and for the time am staying with them. My children are all taking care of themselves, or trying. I have not been able to do anything in that way for several years. I have no longer the least interest in life.
Until the events of the political campaign of 1872, I still felt a great deal of interest in politics. The experiences of that campaign eradicated all of that.
Now I am waiting as composedly as I can, to make the least change, which can not be long away.
Please do remember me kindly to Mrs. S.
With the very best wishes for both of you.
    I am with Much regard
        Most Respectfully Yrs
            B.F. Massey
Neosho    Dec 14th, 1874
Mr. J.F. Snyder
Dr. Doct: I am now staying as you will observe by the heading of this at Neosho. One of my Sons (Frank, my 6th child, and now in his 25th year), Married some 2 or 3 years Since, a Miss Jones, daughter of Doct. Richard Jones, a Merchant, for a long time at this place. Mr. Jones died some 2 or 3 years ago. A year ago last Nov, the youngest child of the Jones's came of age, and in dividing property the store with some real estate fell to Frank's wife. And Frank with a brother of hers, commenced to run the old store, and Frank is still at it. Old Man Jones left no will. The widow took a child's part. I understand there was something over ten thousand to each heir. And that is the reason I am here.
I was glad to hear from you, and very glad to hear you and Mrs. Snyder were both in good [health]. Please to tender her my most sincere regards.
The result of the elections, Nov. 3 has encouraged me greatly, it was a necessity it should take place, if we were again to have the government of the constitution.
I have still some doubts. If Old William Allen shall be solicited for the democratic Nominee in 1876, of course he will be elected, And shall select Thurman as his premier four years, will suffice to again start everything in the right direction. Thurman is a Virginia raised, and has the sort of political tuition, eked out by old Sam Meday. If the government shall be punctuated, as Near in the line it was carried on from 1800 till 1860, it will be owing to Thurman and Allen. If Allen has a Constitution like his voice used to be, he will [live] to 100 easy.
You are still demented, it would seem with the Geological humbug. There would be no impropriety in the World in your writing to Warwick [Hough] about it. He still lives at Kansas City. The Supreme Court holds a Session at Jefferson City Commencing about the first of Jany. He will be there a Month or More, and your best plan would be to write him theres.
My health is good, though I am sensible of physical failure generally.
Now I am about done with the Matter suggested by your Short letter, I reckon I had better stop, for fear I should get into that grave yard tone, it has become very common with Me.
I shall be glad to hear from you often, direct to Neosho.
            Yrs Truly        B.F. Massey
P.S. I don't agree with you altogether in reference to Phelps, and the Senatorship.
Neosho, Feby 15, 1875
Doct. J.F. Snyder
Dr Doctor, Yours of the 31st ult. is before me, and has been in my possession, (one too many S's there) for some time.
I am glad truly you have been gratified with the reception of that report. be sure you make the most of it, for I opine it is the last thing of its sort that will ever be issued by the State. When I go to Granby, I will see if I can induce any one there to send you that box of specimens.
I dont feel as you do, in reference to our Senatorial election. I know nothing of Cockrill, and thats whats the Matter. However I suppose he will answer to fill up, and no doubt his vote can be counted on, with Certainty, as an Anti-republican. If Phelps was a shade too loyal, his politics was undoubted.
You ask, "do not the glorious victories of the Old democracy, of the last half year, resuscitate, and invigorate you" (Moi). With the exception of old Bill Allen, I hear of no victories of the old democracy. I try to be glad over the success of so called democrats, as Senators, and hope most ardently they may develop themselves as really worthy of the Name. There was a time whin I would have rejoiced over the election, of Andy Johnson, but it is not now.
"Have'nt recent elections Caused Me to drop my grave yard tone, and dont they inspire me with hope, and faith for the future?" Not Much, Yet Some.
Owing to the partiality of friends, I was induced in Novb. last, to run for the office of Circuit Court Clerk, And though a nominee I was beaten by a third party, or rather a no party man. I did not care for the place, for any congeniality with my feelings there was in the duties, but I could have discharged the duties, and as the tenure was four years, it would most probably lasted me all my life.
The partiality of friends induced me to again run for the Constitutional Convention 26th last Jany. I was again a Nominee, and this time elected. I feel no interest in this.
The Drake Constitution had been Amended so that it is quite an endurable thing. We meet early in May. I agree with you in reference the "Minority representative" feature of your Constitution; I have no idea such a thing Will find any favor in our Convention.
Recently I do not see Billy Tilton very often. Up to the time I left Pierce, Some 15 Mos ago, I saw him often. In Miles, I am about as near to him now as then. He has left Sarcoxie, and in going the first of next Month to live on his Shoal Creek farm, or what he has left of it. He is now, and has been for the last 6 months, near Newtonia, on Oliver's Prarie, living on a farm, but not farming, only occupying the houses. He is not prospering at all, only over the left. His habits are much as usual, Pecuniarily, he is a failure.
Doct Wilson is like Tilton only a great more so. I suppose he is utterly bankrupt. Everything is encumbered, at least as far as he can do it. I am not advised as to whether Eliza joined him in deeds of bank and mortgages, but I suppose she did, as otherwise he could probably not have got the money, he appears to have gotten, on his own encumbrance.
I lived in the town with Eberle (Pierce City) Some three years, and it was always a wonder to me, and to all others, what in the world he did with his money. He has as great an anxiety as any to make money, be he reminded me of the Cow that died in the Mire, every wiggle she made to get out, only got her in deeper.
Tilton has 3 children, all boys. Wilson I think has 3 also. Since Wilson has been through, I think he is now trying to practice Medicine. Pecuniarily he is a No. 1 failure.
I am pleased to hear of your family. You dont say how many Children you have, and I have quite forgotton.
I have all I ever had, 10, or had when last heard from.
My eldest, Nina, Married to Hough, and living at Kansas City.
The second, him We used at home to call Ulpian, they now call him Ben, is with Phelps, at Springfield, and has been Since about the Commencement of '66.
Julian, the third is in the asylum at Fulton, and has been some three Yrs.
One is clerking for somebody at Brunswick in Seline Co. in the State.
Another is a Journ[eyman] printer, and has been at it for near 10 years.
Another is in business at this place on his own hook.
Another is a printer also, has been at it about 5 yrs.
These are all over 21. They are all Making their living, and have been for from 5 to 12 years, entirely unaided by me.
Then there is two girls, both living Sometimes with Nina, at Kansas City, And Sometimes with Ben, at Springfield.
An then my baby Bob, now passed 16, is here in the store with his brother Frank.
I have not seen the two printers, nor the one at Brunswick, for several years, Nor do I hear, directly, from the printers, often, yet so far as I can learn, they are behaving themselves admirably.
Ulpian, and Frank, are Married. The former has two children, the latter None, though he as been married some three years.
My health is good,  but I am physically failing fast.
Please remember me kindly to Mrs. S. Perhaps She may recollect Something of Mrs. Hughes, she is a sister of Mrs. I W. Davis. (by the by "Ex" is living here now.) This Mrs. Hughes Married a young man a short before it, man by the name of Ringston, he lived with Mat Wilson.

Letters: 1879-1914: Concerning 6.B.F.Massey

Jefferson City Mo
                            Jany 17/79
Hon J.F. Snyder
Springfield, Ill.
Dr. Sir
Your postal card inquiring of whereabouts of my father is recd.
He is living at my home in Springfield, Mo. Is in bad health, had last spring a paralytic stroke - one side of his entire body being affected.
His articulation is so impaired that he can hardly speak intelligently. His mind os course is somewhat impaired.
I am glad to hear that you are again in a field of usefulness similar to one occupied by you in Mo. in days of yore.
                Yrs Truly
                Benj. U. Massey
Union Club
                        Fifth Avenue & 21st Street
My dear Snyder.
Yours of the 25th disappoints me - for I was sure that you would help me. You Must Send me sketches however life of Rains - Gold Johnson - Massey - Phelps - Jeanison - Montgomery & Lane. --- You can help me if you will, & I shall feel that you fail in your duty to me & to your wife & your friends if you dont help me.
                    Yrs Sincerely
                    Thomas L. Snead
April 27, 1882
Kingston, Mo. Oct. 28, 1885
Dear Sir-
I have your very interesting letter of the 25th., and have noted with great interest, its contents.
When I write my book I expect to give one chapter to the Presidential election of 1860,and shall note properly the proceedings of all the State Conventions in Missouri that year. ---
Got a letter from Col. Snead last night asking for information to be used in his book. --- I think, too, you ought some way to have helped him. You are well posted regarding the prominent events of 1860-61 in Missouri, and I think you ought to take time and write something about them. ---
I don't do much else but gather up data for a complete history of Missouri, and for a history of the Civil War in Missouri.---
If you ever want to recall an incident in the history of Missouri, Maybe I can help you do it.
                    Very truly yours
                    R.J. Holcombe
Dr. Jno. B. Snyder
Benj. U. Massey
Attorney at Law
Springfield, Mo.
                        Springfield, Mo., April 9, 1907
Dr. J.F. Snyder,
Virginia, Ill.

Dear Sir:
Note. The text of [the above] letter, from Benjamin Ulpian Massey to Dr. J.F. Snyder, has been long since available, and is quoted in full as Appendix XXX: 6.B.F.Massey: Biographical Sketch: By son, 44. Benjamin Ulpian Massey.[Ed.]
ca. April, 1907
Note. Apparently, upon receipt of this Biographical Sketch of B. F. Massey, Dr. Snyder inserted, in his own handwriting, the comments which I quote below, in full[Ed.]:
Col. Massey was dark complected; had black hair, black eyes, and heavy black eye brows. His face always had a peculiarly pleasant expression; and he has a sunny,affably and social disposition.

In Mexico he learned to make and smoke cigarets, a habit he continued through life. he drank whisky, but very moderately
In conversation he spoke deliberately and very distinctly; and was a forcible speaker, logical and argumentative.

Liberal, generous, hospitable, he was not a financier or money-maker; but conscientiously honest and honorable in all things.
An adept in politics, but could not descend to the low arts and tricks of the common office-seeker. True to his friends, liberal and fair to his political opponents, just to all men, he was an exemplary citizen, esteemed by all, and without a personal enemy.

For a year or more before his death, --- he was paralyzed, totally helpless, speechless, mind wholly gone so that he knew nothing, recognized no one, and could not make his wants known - did not know them himself - his death was indeed a merciful relief.
What a sad ending for so noble a man! And yet, the preachers tell us of the "mercy and goodness of God!' Bosh.
Secretary of State            File No 11.
                Cornelius Roach
                Jefferson City, No.
                            November 27th. 1912.
Dr. J.F. Snyder
Virginia, Illinois

Dear Sir,-
Replying to yours of the 23rd instant, I beg to advise that Benj. F. Massey was elected State Senator to the Twelfth General Assembly, held in 1842, and to the thirteenth General Assembly, held in 1844.
He was elected Chief clerk of the House of Representatives in 1846, and again in 1848.
                    Yours truly,
                    Cornelius Roach
                Secretary of State
Virginia, Ills.
                    Dec. 10th, 1913

Judge Douglas
My Dear Sir;
--- I enclose for your scrap book - a sketch of Col. Rathburn - who for a time in the early part of the Civil war shared my tent and rations with me.
It was written by Benjamin U. Massey, of Springfield, Mo., a promising young lawyer - Son of my old friend, Benj. F. Massey, who was a State Senator, and twice elected Secretary of State of Missouri.
A very short time after "Upsey", as we called him, wrote this paper he was stricken with apoplexy and died in a few minutes.
As you no doubt know, Col. Benj. F. Massey was the father of Judge Warwick Hough's wife.
In the civil war I enjoyed the personal acquaintance of many prominent men of Missouri, but I was, of course, too young to be fascinated with historical studies or dates, and I had no thoughts that such acquaintances would, or could, be of future historical value.---
                        Sincerely yours, &c
                            J.F. Snyder
Virginia, Ills.
                    Feb. 21st, 1914

Judge Douglas;
My Dear Sir;
In regard to Gen; Raines --- I know of his election to the Senate but twice: in 1854 he was elected as a Know Nothing, defeating Col. Massey. And in 1860 he was again elected, on the Bell & Everett ticket; but I cannot recall who the Democratic candidate was whom he defeated at that time. Perhaps Judge Hough may know. ---
                    As ever, &c,
                        J.F. Snyder
Virginia, Ills.
                    March 5th, 1914
Judge Douglas:
My Dear Sir:
In my correspondence with Mrs. Warwick Hough, of your city, I mentioned the fact that I had donated her father's letters to me to the Mo. Historical Society.
I this morning received a letter from her in which she says I should have submitted those letters to her inspection, on order that she might have selected such as it was proper to place in the archives of the Society! And adds that Mr. Hough and herself will apply to you to now submit them to their inspection and selection!
If they do, you will, of course, pay no attention to them. The have no jurisdiction whatever in the matter. Those letters belonged to me exclusively; and I donated them to the Mo. Historical Society with the expectation, and tacit understanding, that they are not to be disturbed, or interfered with, excepting as may be provided for the disposal of all historical manuscripts of that class, by the rules and regulations of the Society.
                With high esteem I am Yours &c
                    John F. Snyder
This request of Mrs. Hough is amusing, but not at all surprising.