Patented and Distinctive Bit Braces & Augers, a Research Study
by
George Langford, Sc.D.
Updated December 9, 2016
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Albert D. Goodell
Albert Goodell's 1892 patent is the basis of the first two groups of braces; both groups were made as premium quality stock.  The first group even has a ship-in-the-bottle ratchet mechanism, wherein all the parts (pawls & spring) have to be passed through the openings that are later closed by the chuck body, and which required special tools, e.g.  removable wire ties. The second group was marketed as proprietary stock with retailers' markings (Fulton Special for 59 and 189  and C.E. Jennings for 170). The parent company underwent name changes as the Goodell family exchanged control, according to the DAT. After 1931, Goodell-Pratt was absorbed by Millers Falls, and tools with the Farley-pattern ratchet mechanism were summarily dropped from the Millers Falls product line, probably because their fine serrations wore out catastrophically if the tools were used dry, i.e., without adequate lubrication.

Inventor/Maker
Representative Images
(can be enlarged)
Examples
found by GB

Patents
Patent Dates
Directory of American
Toolmakers: active years

Goodell/
Goodell Bros.
Push chuck view
PushChuck871.JPG 337,243 March 2, 1886 Patent No. 337,243
(John Chantrell) is my closest guess ...
Goodell/
Goodell Bros.
Ratchet mechanismChuck apart; ratchet housing
267, 58

GoodellRatchet267new.htm
488,691
December 27, 1892
1888-1899 (Goodell Bros.)
Goodell/
Goodell Bros.
Chuck apart

Wrist handle's ferrules
59, 170, 189

GoodellFulton052.JPG
488,691 December 27, 1892 1888-1899 (Goodell Bros.)
F.E. Farley; L.L.Miller/
Goodell-Pratt
Chuck apart; ratchet
Ratchet markings
143

Goodell-PrattNo2510-263.htm
1,508,512
1,593,908
September 16,1924
July 27,1926
1899-1931 (Goodell-Pratt)